Legal regulation of pension provision for judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation

Types of pensions

Judges' pensions are established according to the type of pension provision. According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, the choice can be determined in favor of:

  • insurance pension (for length of service);
  • lifelong maintenance.

We will examine in more detail under what conditions a pension is assigned to judges.

Download so you don't lose! Federal Law “On the Status of Judges in the Russian Federation” HERE.

Insurance pension on a general basis (for length of service)

A long-service pension for judges is granted under the condition that the employee retires before retirement age. The length of service in this case is less than 20 years of work in the judicial system, and the subsequent work activity of a retired law enforcement officer does not imply a legal orientation.

When determining length of service, the following indicators are taken into account:

  • compulsory service in the armed forces;
  • period of study in higher educational institutions;
  • Holiday to care for the child;
  • labor activity in executive authorities (Ministry of Internal Affairs, Moscow Region, State Civil Service).

Under conditions that exclude the possibility of accruing a lifetime allowance, former judicial employees can count on an insurance pension. The amount of old-age payments to former representatives of the judicial system is determined on a general basis and depends on the length of service and accumulated pension points.

The retirement period is 60 years (for men) and 55 years (for women). It is issued on a general basis at the Pension Fund of Russia.

Lifetime maintenance

Lifetime maintenance for retired judges is granted if they have more than 20 years of service. The legislation allows taking into account not only judicial experience, but also periods of work in other legal positions. That is, a total of 10 years of work in a judicial position and at least 15 years in other positions in the field of jurisprudence allows the guardian of the law to apply for lifelong maintenance.

The right to determine lifelong maintenance is revoked in the following circumstances:

  • recall of an employee from his position;
  • bringing to responsibility (criminal, civil);
  • obtaining citizenship of another state.

The procedure for paying lifelong maintenance is shown in the picture:

The question is: at what age do judges retire ? – has been considered over the past years. As a result, the deadline for employees of the judicial system to receive pensions is as follows:

  • if you have 20 years of judicial experience - 55 (for men) and 50 years (for women);
  • if you have 25 years of general legal experience (of which 10 years as a judge) – 60 (for men) and 55 years (for women);
  • if you have 10 years of judicial experience - 55 (for men) and 50 years (women).

The retirement age for law enforcers is 70 years.

Employees of the judicial system can only receive one type of pension payment. It is not possible to continue working and be supported for life (regardless of age).

Watch a video about the features of the “Judge” profession:

Pension of judges in Russia

People who devote their lives to serving the law and its implementation have a special privileged status. Judges are given respect and honor by society and the state.

Therefore, many people think that the pension payments of a retired judge will differ greatly from those of an ordinary citizen. But this is not true, they do not have any special pension. They, like everyone else, are accrued labor pension benefits.

However, there is a difference in the amount of payments, which are indeed several times greater than for other pensioners.

Judge's pension in Russia

The type of future accrual of payments to a guardian of justice is influenced by length of service. Article 19 of the Federal Law “On the Status of Judges” established the prerogative of a judge who has worked for at least 25 years in the legal field, of which 10 years in the judicial field. If the required amount of experience is not accumulated, then accrual is carried out in the general manner.

Pension size for judges in Russia

Payments to judges of retirement age are of two types - a standard pension, like all citizens, or indefinite maintenance. PSS is the most attractive, so young professionals have room to strive. The amount of maintenance is much greater than pension provision when calculated according to general rules.

Average pension

According to current legislation, the amount of pension compensation is formed from accumulated points for the entire working period in life.

The annual accrual of points, or rather their number, directly depends on the salary level. The higher the salary, the more points will be awarded.

Then all points are multiplied by the fixed cost of one, and a certain fixed amount is added - 4982 rubles from 2018.

The amount of payments to a retired judge with a recognized lifetime salary is quite large - 4/5 of the salary of a currently serving judge.

While the lowest salary of a justice of the peace in any region, with little work experience and lack of an academic degree, averages 70 thousand rubles. Therefore, maintenance with a monthly payment of 100 thousand is not considered an unusual occurrence.

How to calculate a judge's pension

Under various conditions, by the time of retirement, each judge has a sum of accumulated points, depending on length of service and salary. Thus, there are no clear amounts of payments; calculations are carried out on a purely individual basis:

  • With a salary of 70,000 and 20 years of work experience, 8.23 ​​points are awarded annually. The amount of one point is 81.49 rubles. Over 20 years – 164.6. (164.6×81.49) +4982=18395 rub.
  • Salary with all increases is 120,000 rubles, length of service - 25. 8.7 points per year, total for the period - 217.5. (217.5×81.49) +4982= 22706 rub.
  • The amount of monthly compensation for lifelong maintenance is from 120,000 rubles. will be 96,000 rubles.


Retirement is allowed upon reaching retirement age, for men - 60 years, for women - 55. However, the judicial community has some privileges in this area. When working in the Far North, experience is calculated at one and a half times the same as in normal areas.

For certain categories, pensions are not taxed.

At what age do judges retire?

There are no age restrictions for serving as judges. However, the age limit for holding office is 70 years. Thus, if you want to leave your post, you can use the reference to the generally accepted ages of 55 and 60 years.

To apply for a pension payment, you must provide the following documents:

  1. An application with a mandatory indication of the reason for resignation - age, illness, layoff.
  2. Identification.
  3. Papers proving the level of qualifications.
  4. Employment history.
  5. Evidence of work in the legal field.
  6. Documents on the actual assignment of rank, class, etc.
  7. Extract on the amount of the current pension.

This list may expand depending on the reason for retirement and the area where powers are exercised.

All documentation is transferred to the authorized Commission, which within 15 days makes a decision on assigning a pension to the applicant or refusing payments. If the appointment occurs, payments are made the following month. If there is another pension, its payment is terminated, and the newly established one is paid.

Retirement due to illness

Resignation for health reasons can happen to anyone. If a judge is forced to leave his post precisely for this reason, then he retains all the preferences due to him while in office. The judge retains free medical care, payment of a lump sum, and continued participation in the judicial community.

In this case, the Commission must be provided with a medical commission’s conclusion on the impossibility of further continuation of service.

Question answer

Pension for judges who became disabled in 1999

The legislator establishes that judges who become incapacitated due to the performance of their powers or regardless of their official activities have the prerogative to calculate a pension in proportion to the salary of the judge currently serving.

Can a retired judge work as a judge?

Retired judges have recently been allowed to hold public office, as well as work as arbitrators and act as arbitrators. Moreover, salary does not in any way affect the payment of pension benefits.

Pension for assistant judge

As we were able to verify earlier, the amount of salary affects the future amount of the pension, and length of service also matters. Thus, the salary of an assistant judge is several times less than that of his boss. An assistant to a magistrate receives an average of 25,000 rubles. With 20 years of experience, the pension will be 9,773 rubles. per month.

From all of the above, the following conclusions can be drawn:

  • if there is length of service, the judge has the right to choose between a pension and lifelong maintenance;
  • In terms of the volume of payments, PSS is much more attractive than regular pension compensation;
  • After a judge’s well-deserved retirement, he remains a member of the judicial community and retains all preferences;
  • For a constitutional judge, it is necessary to serve in office for 15 years in order to have the prerogative to issue a PSS;
  • 80% of the salary of a current judge is allocated for the indefinite maintenance of a retired judge;
  • A distinctive feature of calculating salary for a military judge is considered to be 15 years of experience;
  • Employees of the judiciary receive 2-3 times less income than guards of justice. Consequently, their pension payments are small;

Issues regarding the assignment of content are considered by the Commission at the Judicial Department.


Determining the size of the teaching staff

According to the Federal Law “On the Status of Judges”, the size of the teaching staff pension is determined based on the official salary and length of service of representatives of the judicial system. Subject to compliance with established legal norms, representatives of the system can apply for a lifetime pension in a certain amount.

The amount of lifelong support depends on the work activity of judges in courts of a certain competence:

  1. Constitutional Court. Provided that a judge has at least 15 years of service, monthly pension payments will be 80% of the established official salary.
  2. Courts of general jurisdiction of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation (Federal judges). Provided that a judge has at least 20 years of service, the monthly teaching staff amount will be 72-80% of the official salary.
  3. City and district courts of general jurisdiction. With at least 20 years of service as a judge, the monthly allowance will be 67-70% of the salary.
  4. Military courts. If a judge has at least 15 years of service, the monthly salary will be 85-100% of the salary.
  5. Garrison ships. If you have served as a judge for at least 20 years, the amount of maintenance will be 72-77% of the salary.
  6. Arbitration courts. For arbitrators, the judicial experience for assigning pension benefits is 20 years, and the size of the teaching staff is 82-90% of the salary.
  7. Justices of the peace . If you have served in office for at least 20 years, the pension of a magistrate will be 60-64% of the salary.
Amount of lifetime pension provision for judges in the Russian Federation
Experience% of salary
Constitutional Court1580
Subjects of the Russian Federation (Federal judges)2072-80
City and district courts2067-70
Military courts1585-100
Garrison ships2072-77
Arbitration courts2082-90
Justices of the peace2060-64

In addition to the indicated percentages, judicial employees are additionally charged 1% of the salary for each additional year of work (exceeding the established threshold of length of service).

Registration of teaching staff

To obtain lifelong security, the Judicial Department is provided with:

  • passport (personal ID);
  • application for registration of pension benefits. Download the application form HERE;
  • employment history;
  • documents confirming titles and class, qualifications;
  • in the case of an already assigned insurance pension - a document confirming the pension payments being made;
  • SNILS.

The submitted documents are reviewed within 15 days, after which a decision is made to appoint a teaching staff, or facts that impede the appointment are indicated.

Benefits for retired judges

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Working as a judge involves a huge number of guarantees, including financial ones. Instead of a pension as such, representatives of the judiciary can receive a lifetime allowance, which is significantly equal in size to their earnings, which should encourage high-quality and efficient work. Although a regular insurance pension is also possible on a general basis.

Former judges who are retired or have left office may receive one of the following types of payments:

  • insurance pension in accordance with 400-FZ 2013 and 126-FZ 2011 (payments are made by the Pension Fund);
  • state pension provision for long service according to the Law of the Russian Federation 4468-I;
  • lifelong maintenance according to the specialized Law of the Russian Federation No. 3132-I.

Registration procedure

The reason for assigning lifelong maintenance is a written application, regardless of the time of submission.

It expresses a desire to receive appropriate conclusions and notes the lack of income that does not allow the payment of this maintenance to be issued. The application is submitted to the office of the Judicial Department in the region of work, as well as at the place of last work.

The review is carried out by a regular commission, which includes judges, representatives of accounting and personnel services. The validity of the application is verified within 10 days, after which a decision is made on the assignment of payments and their amount.

The following documents are attached along with the application for lifelong maintenance:

  • a copy of the work book;
  • decision on the resignation of the qualification commission;
  • other documents that confirm the judge’s sufficient experience, if the department does not have such information.

Former judges receiving an insurance pension, an application with a desire to receive a monthly lifetime allowance must be accompanied by a certificate from social security about the amount of the current pension.

If a person has the right to additional payments for titles, academic degrees, or special skills, then copies of documents are attached that can confirm their assignment (availability).

How is it paid?

Payments are made from federal budget funds. The application is processed by the Judicial Department of the subject or the court within the time frame established by them. The act includes all recipients of payments in the relevant territory. A similar procedure is established for arbitration judges.

Payments to retired judges begin immediately upon termination of their pension. The transfer of funds during periods of temporary performance of judicial duties is not suspended.

The frequency of receiving money is once a month (on paydays). It is possible to transfer funds by mail or home delivery.

So, the type of payments received depends on the length of service and other places of work of the person. If it is possible to obtain a lifelong salary, the judge receives an amount that is almost or not at all inferior to the salary of a judge of the corresponding status during the period of work.


  • Due to frequent changes in legislation, information sometimes becomes outdated faster than we can update it on the website.
  • All cases are very individual and depend on many factors. Basic information does not guarantee a solution to your specific problems.

That's why FREE expert consultants work for you around the clock!


Other types of pension payments for judges

Lifetime support and long-service pension are not the only areas of pension provision for referees . What pension will be determined for Russian judges depends on certain conditions.

Types of additional pension payments:

  1. Due to illness. To apply for this type of pension, in addition to the established package of documents, it is necessary to provide a conclusion from a medical commission indicating the impossibility of continuing to work.
  2. Early retirement for judges. If they hold judicial positions in the Far North, guardians of the law are given the opportunity to retire if they have 15 years of experience. To accrue this type of pension provision, a document is attached to the package of documents indicating the conduct of judicial activities in the Far North.

Why do judges receive such salaries and pensions? Watch a video about benefits and payments to judges:

Registration procedure

To receive lifelong support from the state, a citizen must submit a written application to the judicial department at the place of registration. To consider the appeal, a commission is created, which should include representatives from judges, personnel service employees and financial department employees.

The following documents are attached to the application:

  • photocopy of the work book;
  • documentary information confirming the length of service;
  • decision of the qualification commission on resignation.

If a citizen already receives an insurance pension and wants to apply for a lifetime allowance, he must attach a certificate of the amount of the pension received. For those citizens who are entitled to additional payments in connection with an academic degree, supporting documents are provided.

Features of pension provision for civil servants

The conditions for the appointment and size of pensions for federal civil servants and military personnel are somewhat different than for the rest of the country.

They are appointed in accordance with the federal laws “ On pensions in the Russian Federation” , “ On the state civil service of the Russian Federation” . Several factors influence the final result.

Length of service and retirement age

An additional social guarantee is pension provision for long service. It is accrued if the employee has served the minimum period approved by the government in the civil service.

The pension amount for civil servants includes:

  • amount assigned based on length of service;
  • and part of the insurance payment - subject to continued work after accumulated special experience.

Since the beginning of 2020, there has been an increase from 15 to 20 years in the period of civil service, which gives the right to receive pension benefits according to the laws. At the same time, the age for stopping working is increasing: up to 63 years for women, 65 for men.

Now, in order to qualify for additional pay for length of service, you must have 16.5 years of experience. The retirement age in 2020 is 56.5 years for women, 61.5 for men.

Pension provision for judges in the Russian Federation - features 2020, retired, lifelong

Every profession has its own costs. After all, it cannot be said that any profession is more difficult or easier, since each of them has its own difficulties.

It is also very important to know its subtleties and small nuances, which allow you to perform the work efficiently and effectively.

Today we will talk about such a profession as a judge.

Everyone knows that it is a very difficult job, and the person performing it bears a great responsibility, not only physical, but also moral, since someone’s life depends on the judge’s decision. For this reason, judges are presented with both a regular insurance pension and lifetime benefits, the amount of which is not inferior to a decent salary.

We will talk about this and much more in this article. For those who are already retired, there are several types of pensions provided by the state, namely:

  • Insurance pension is due to every citizen;
  • Lifetime support - the state pays cash benefits for life.
  • State support - depends on length of service;

All previously working judges are entitled to an insurance pension, but its size depends on several factors that directly affect this.

They are as follows:

  • Size of work experience.
  • Having an academic degree.
  • Place of work.

Good to know!

As for the length of service, with every 5 additional years there is an increase for its size, which starts from 15% and up to 50%.

Also, for retired judges, a life sentence is provided. But it is not assigned to everyone, since it is necessary to have the following criteria to receive it:

  • The minimum work experience is about 20 years - age does not matter.
  • Reaching retirement age and minimum length of service.
  • Reaching the age of 60 and having about 25 years of experience.

Important! If you are assigned this type of maintenance, then you are no longer entitled to any other pension.

In order for a pension or other type of payment to be assigned to you, you must fulfill a number of conditions on which the decision to assign payments depends:

  • Availability of work experience that provides lifelong security.
  • If you worked for at least 10 years, but then changed your field of activity.
  • Having a minimum period of service.

When assigning a pension, the main factor is the type of your activity, that is, what kind of judge you are. After all, there are several types of refereeing, and each has its own specific features for assigning pension payments.

Almost all existing in the country can be classified as this type. The exception is the world ones. The amount of payments directly depends on the place of work, and also the size of the salary.

On average, payments vary from 67% to 100% - the place of work and the amount of income play a role. Previously, arbitration judges had to submit an application for resignation along with documents at the place of work.

Now they must contact the department of the Judicial Administration, but also at their place of work.

Calculation of the amount of payments for civil servants

The size of a civil servant's pension in 2020 is 45-75% of average monthly earnings . For exceeding the minimum length of service, an additional 3% is charged. But the total size should not exceed the mentioned 75%.

Federal employees can apply for double pay if they have completed length of service, reached retirement age, and have a number of pension points not lower than the established average.

What affects the amount of payments to government employees

Military personnel are entitled to monetary allowance. With 20 years of service, the pension allowance will be 50% of the salary. If the service lasted longer, then for each extra-term year an increase of 3% is due.

The accrual “ceiling” is 85% of the monthly allowance . Payments are calculated based on salary and benefits. All this adds up to one amount, of which half is taken. If you have more than 20 years of experience, the amount received increases by 3% for each year. A regional coefficient is added to the pay of those who have served at least 15 years in the Far North.

From October 1, 2019, indexation of military pension payments is expected. The law on this signed by the President of the country assumes that growth will be 6.3%.

But a reduction factor . In 2019 it is 0.7368. If a serviceman does not have the required length of service, he is deprived of the right to a military pension.

Amounts of pension payments to employees

You can find out what kind of pension civil servants have in Russia, what the amount of payments is for each specific recipient, based on the provisions of the Federal Law “ On State Pension Provision in the Russian Federation”.

Former USSR President M. Gorbachev receives 750 thousand rubles monthly from the Pension Fund.

Ex-high-level officials receive up to 80 thousand rubles . with the minimum required experience. Years of service beyond the required amount increases the amount of payments.

Former prime ministers of the country receive a pension in the amount of 55-75% of the salary of the current head of the Cabinet of Ministers, namely 300-425 thousand rubles. monthly. In addition to these amounts, ex-prime ministers have a labor salary of 19 thousand rubles . Other former officials have somewhat more modest pension payments.

How much do retired judges earn?

As in the case of state pensions, the final amount of the judge’s PSS is calculated on the basis of the salary he receives and the duration of refereeing (Clause 5 of Article 15 of Federal Law No. 3132-I):

  • 4/5 of the salary - for those who have worked a full twenty years or at least ten years if they have twenty-five years of other legal experience.
  • for those who have worked for less than twenty years and upon reaching the age limit - in proportion to the length of judging experience;
  • 4/5 of the salary + 1% for each additional year of work - for those who have worked for more than twenty years.

Please note: PSS cannot be received simultaneously with any pension, except for the state pension for the disabled, assigned as a result of an injury received while on duty. Of course, judges cannot work and receive PSS at the same time.

However, in the period before retirement, judges who may already be assigned PSS are paid a salary increase in the amount of 50% of the corresponding PSS amounts (Article 3 of Federal Law No. 6 of January 10, 1996). Also, a working judge can receive a pension that was assigned to him on some other basis (length of service, reaching retirement age, disability, etc.).

Retired judges, former judges (who retired in 2020 or earlier), as well as current judges about to retire, if they wish to receive PSS, should first contact the competent authority at the place of employment, and if this is not possible, then to one of the Judicial Departments, the Supreme Arbitration Court and the Military Collegium under the RF Armed Forces (for the military).

To assign a PSS, the following documents are attached:

  • application for the appointment of a PSS;
  • identification;
  • work book, qualification decision on resignation and other papers certifying work experience as a judge, and, if necessary, legal experience;
  • documents on assigned titles, classes, degrees;
  • a certificate from the Social Security Service on the amount of the assigned pension (for retired judges);

The commission considers the application for the appointment of a PSS within 15 days, after which a decision is made. If the decision is positive, PSS is prescribed starting next month. If a federal judge previously received a pension, PSS is appointed after the judge ceases to receive a pension (to do this, you must write an application to the Pension Fund or other pension authority that pays the pension).

Amount of deputy pensions

The official average deputy pension in Russia is almost 5 times higher than the national average.

The pension provision of former people's representatives is determined by the law on their status. The latest changes have affected the length of parliamentary activity, after which the right to additional payment becomes available. Now, persons who have worked in the State Duma and the Federation Council for 5-10 years receive a pension equal to 55% of the deputy’s earnings . If the length of service is more than 10 years - 75%.

Important! Being a State Duma deputy for less than 5 years does not give a person the right to additional payment.

It is easy to calculate what kind of pension State Duma deputies receive, knowing the average monthly salary of servants of the people. Last year it amounted to 399.3 thousand rubles. The additional payment is calculated from the amount of the so-called monetary remuneration of the deputy of 84.8 thousand rubles. For those who worked in the State Duma from 5 to 10 years, pension payments will amount to 46.6 thousand rubles, for those who served as State Duma deputy for more than 10 years - 63.58 thousand rubles.

Calculation of military pensions

In order to retire according to the law, citizens who served in the Armed Forces, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Guard, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Federal Penitentiary Service, the FSB, and the fire department must have 20 or more years of work experience and retire to the reserve .

The latest pension reform of the Russian Federation did not affect the length of service for military personnel. So a graduate of a military school who began his service at 20 years old will be a pensioner at 40.

Please note : in some cases, length of service for calculating the pension of military pensioners is taken with an increasing coefficient: a year is considered as one and a half or two years of service. If a person served in war, one year is equivalent to three.

Amounts of pension payments for military personnel of different ranks

Today, the average pension of a military personnel is 26 thousand rubles.

It is higher for former command personnel and those who served in dangerous areas - test pilots, combatants, reconnaissance officers - within 85 thousand rubles. The average military payment exceeds the “average civilian” payment by one and a half times. But the figure is approximate, since service conditions vary significantly. The calculation is always individual.

The average payments are as follows (in thousand rubles):

  • former private – 10;
  • lieutenant - 20;
  • retired major - 25;
  • captain - 23;
  • colonel - 35,
  • army general - 55 thousand rubles.

Generals in Russia have significantly lower pensions than their colleagues abroad. Actually, like monetary allowance.

The situation is similar in other departments. So, police officers have an average pension of 18 thousand rubles . Minimum, without titles and awards, – 15 thousand rubles. According to the law, after retirement, a police officer has the right to continue working in the civil service and earn insurance pay. It is more modest than the military one, but it increases the pensioner’s budget.

Lifetime maintenance of servants of Themis

Former judges can receive a pension based on length of service and in the form of a lifetime allowance.

If a judge stops working before retirement age and does not intend to continue to engage in legal practice, he is assigned a payment for length of service. If 20 years of work in the courts is not achieved, security is assigned on a general basis without additional payments. How much the pension will be in monetary terms depends on the length of service and pension points.

Lifetime allowance (PSS) is received by judges who have worked in the system for 20 years, and those who have held the position of judge for 10 years and worked in other positions in the legal field for another 15 years. After the appointment of lifelong maintenance, work is impossible.

Amounts of pension benefits

On average, the lifetime maintenance of judges is about 150 thousand rubles. per month.

The size of the PSA depends on the judge’s former place of work. Thus, a person who worked in the Constitutional Court with 15 years of service receives pension payments amounting to 80% of the official salary. The pension for a retired federal judge For judges of city and district courts, the PSS amounts to up to 70% of the salary.

Judges of military courts with 15 years of service can count on PSS in the amount of their full salary. After garrison ships , where you need to work for 2 decades, up to 77% of the salary. of arbitration courts need 20 years of service in order to receive 90% of their salary. For justices of the peace, under the same conditions, it reaches a maximum of 64%.

Payments are calculated in proportion to the time worked. Every year after 20 years of service there is an increase of 1%.

Prospects for changes in pensions for judges

Since judges' salaries are constantly increasing, pensions will also increase. From October this year, salaries will increase by 4%. Next year it is planned to raise them by 3.8%, in 2021 – by another 4.

The maximum amount of PSS for former judges of the highest rank after recalculation will be 660 thousand rubles. per month.

What is the pension for judges?

The question of what kind of pension a judge has is often of interest to citizens of the Russian Federation.

This is a privileged category of the population that enjoys a large number of benefits even after retirement, if it was voluntary and not as a result of an offense. Former judges can receive one of the following types of payments, namely:

  • insurance pension, which is transferred through the Pension Fund;
  • long service pensions;
  • lifelong maintenance in accordance with Federal Law-3132-1.

The first option is relevant when working as a judge for less than 5 years. That is, the pension is paid on a general basis.

Upon reaching the minimum length of service (different for each level of judges), you can receive appropriate payments. At the same time, judges retain the right to receive one-time cash payments and other benefits and subsidies. Upon reaching 80 years of age, it is possible to obtain guardianship to receive additional payments. To receive lifelong support, you must work for more than 20 years as a judge. In this case, it is necessary to provide a complete package of documents during resignation, namely:

  • work book;
  • decision to resign.

Interestingly, it is not possible to receive an insurance pension and lifelong maintenance at the same time.

Initially, you will need to register the first one with the Pension Fund and submit an additional application for benefits to the Judicial Department. Lifetime support is provided from the federal budget. Money is transferred monthly to a card, bank account or money transfer.

Unlike a regular pension, it is not possible to receive a federal payment in person through the mailman. It is impossible to say exactly what kind of pension judges receive.

It all depends on:

  • length of service (increase from 10% to 100%);
  • places of work (additionally paid up to 100% for work in higher judicial bodies);
  • place of residence (the supplement in the form of the regional coefficient also applies to federal payments).

Thus, it is difficult to calculate the approximate pension of judges.

It ranges from 20 to 70 thousand rubles. Plus, you retain your rights to various benefits and allowances. Don't forget to like and subscribe to our channel!

Prosecutors' pensions

At the end of 2020, the average salary of prosecutorial employees was 60 thousand rubles . It includes basic pay, bonus and additional payments. All 3 components are taken into account when calculating pension payments, which are exactly half of the salary.

In the past year, the pension content of prosecutors increased by 10-40% or 5-10 thousand rubles. and now amount to 26-30 thousand rubles .

Thus, the Government regulates the amount of pension payments for various categories of citizens, including civil servants. They are calculated individually, taking into account length of service, length of service, and working conditions.

Legal norms

The pension of prosecutors in Russia is regulated by Art. 44 of the Law “On the Prosecutor’s Office”.

According to it, citizens who worked in the system of prosecutorial supervision, as well as their family members, are classified as persons under special conditions.

Today the highest paid category is judicial employees.

Pensions for prosecutors are much more modest. There is some relationship between the salaries of prosecutors and judges.

The head of the constitutional court receives the highest salary. Its size is determined by presidential decree.

The salaries of other senior staff of the Supreme Court are set depending on the hierarchy of positions.

Employees of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation

And the salaries of the leading personnel of the Prosecutor General’s Office make up a certain percentage of them.

The proportions between the salaries of ordinary prosecutorial employees and their management have also been established.

Thus, the size of pension benefits is determined by the official salary and available additional payments, which are calculated accordingly:

  1. class rank, that is, service rank;
  2. length of service;
  3. special conditions related to the specifics of the work;
  4. having an academic degree;
  5. honorary titles and awards;
  6. quarterly and other bonuses.

This rule applies to:

  • employees of the prosecutor's office and the Investigative Committee;
  • scientific and teaching staff in the system of legal educational institutions;
  • other employees of this institution with class ranks.

Types of surcharges

Additional payment associated with special conditions is equal to 50% of the official salary.

She is appointed by the head of the institution for a period of up to one year and takes into account the following indicators:

  1. degree of qualification and initiative;
  2. labor intensity;
  3. the importance of this area of ​​work;
  4. its level of complexity;
  5. quality and efficiency of execution.

The additional payment for class rank is calculated based on the official salary:

  • for an actual state counselor of justice, its amount is 30% of the salary;
  • for state justice advisers of grades 1-3 - from 23 to 27%;
  • for justice advisers – within 19-21%;
  • lawyers of 1-3 classes – 16-18%;
  • for a junior lawyer – 15%.

Required experience

The amount of additional pay for length of service is tied to length of service and is:

  1. with 2-5 years of service – 20% of the salary;
  2. up to 10 years – 35%;
  3. at 10-15 years – 45%;
  4. 15-20 – 55%;
  5. more than 20 years – 70%.

The length of service includes:

  • years of activity in prosecutorial structures, including internship in the Ministry of Internal Affairs;
  • courts;
  • structures to combat drug trafficking;
  • fire safety authorities;
  • in the customs system and tax police with special ranks;
  • period of study in legal educational institutions - the experience will be half as long as five years;
  • years of military service, if it took place in an emergency situation;
  • being in party work during Soviet times, with a subsequent transition to the prosecutor's office.

There are also bonuses for scientific work:

  1. for candidates of science they are 5% of the salary;
  2. for doctors of science – 10%;
  3. for conferring honorary titles – 10%.

Severance pay

The pension of prosecutors of the Russian Federation is determined by the following factors:

  • work experience;
  • retirement age;
  • possible reasons for resignation - as a result of illness, layoff, and others.

Resignation is accompanied by the assignment of severance pay, the amount of which depends on length of service:

  1. if it is less than 5 years, the amount of the benefit is equal to 5 salaries;
  2. with 10-15 years of experience - 10 salaries;
  3. if equal to 15-20 years – 15;
  4. over 20 years – 20 salaries.

For prosecutorial employees or scientific employees in this structure who are not yet entitled to pension payments, severance pay is assigned if he resigns:

  • as a result of deteriorating health;
  • receiving disability;
  • in connection with organizational measures.

Formula for calculation

You can calculate what pension prosecutors in Russia have using a simple formula, knowing that it is equal to 80% of the official salary with allowances and bonuses.

If the prosecutor’s experience exceeds 20 years, then an additional payment equal to half of it is added to the pension. For example, for a senior prosecutor

Payments to prosecutors depend on many factors

The Prosecutor General's Office, with a working experience of 15 years, calculates the pension taking into account the following factors:

  1. salary – 20 thousand rubles;
  2. surcharge for special conditions – 100%;
  3. The monthly incentive amount is equal to double salary.

The size of the prosecutor's pension in Russia will be 80% of the total amount:

20000 + 20000 + 40000 = 80000;

80% of 80 thousand = 64,000 rubles.

If the experience is more than 20 years, the additional payment is equal to half of this indicator:

64000: 2 = 32000 rub.

As a result, the total benefit amount is:

64 thousand + 32 thousand = 96 thousand rubles.

In the absence of length of service, the full prosecutorial experience is taken into account.

If an employee who retired due to length of service or illness returns to service, the payment of benefits is suspended.

For comparison, we can consider the pensions of judges. With 20 years of experience, they have a choice between:

  • a pension assigned on a general basis;
  • lifetime benefit.

The amount of lifelong maintenance is equal to 80% of the amount that he was entitled to monthly. Usually it is 100-150 thousand rubles.

Monthly allowances

In 2020, a supplement will be assigned to the pension of prosecutors in Russia, which corresponds to the additional payment for the category, taking into account increasing coefficients.

The value of the coefficient will be set by the president. It was assumed, according to some sources, that the introduction of this bonus would lead to an increase in pension benefits for prosecutors by 30%.

However, in 2020, salaries will increase by 4%, respectively, benefits will also increase by this amount. 2.5 billion rubles are allocated from the budget for this project.

The increase will affect approximately 22 thousand people in the prosecutor's office and 2.4 thousand in the Investigative Committee. Over the next two years, the cost of increasing pensions will increase by more than 3 billion rubles.

Annual indexation

It is also proposed to establish rules for the annual indexation of pension benefits for former employees of the prosecutor's office and the Investigative Committee.

Since they have not been increased since 2014, pensions have not been indexed either. However, indexation will affect citizens receiving insurance benefits from the federal budget.

As a result of the reorganization in the Ministry of Defense, military prosecutors were included in the structure of the Prosecutor General's Office and the Investigative Committee. They can now also count on the same benefits as other employees.

If they have sufficient length of service and a high position, their benefits should increase by several thousand rubles. Benefits will be assigned not only to the employees themselves, but also to members of their families in cases where the family is left without a breadwinner.

The State Duma amendments also affected the age limit for prosecutors, which was 60 years.

Today it has been increased to 65 years, but the extension of official powers for another 5 years is allowed. The minimum age limit established for retirement is 45 years, and the length of service in the prosecutor's office is 20.


Today, pensions of Russian prosecutors and investigators, on average, range from 20 to 22 thousand rubles.

These are not such large sums when compared with the level of responsibility and complexity of their work.

Pension of judges in 2020 - magistrates, federal, retired, working

Working as a judge guarantees not only high salaries and social status, but also lifelong pension benefits, which are not much smaller than the salary.

The pension of judges, the procedure for calculating it and additional payments are described in federal laws 400-FZ and 126-FZ, as well as specialized laws No. 4468-I and 3132-I.

Read more about the nuances of calculating payments for the judicial community in our article.

Judges' pension in 2020: size, calculation and conditions of appointment

Basically, the regulation of personal support for judges is carried out by Law No. 3231. It describes both the features of calculating an improved “pension” and the calculation of length of service with the necessary conditions. If a judge does not qualify for seniority or lifelong support, then his matter is considered in the standard manner, through the Pension Fund of Russia.

Guarantees for court employees are described in Government Decree No. 425. The minimum length of service for the assignment of lifelong support is also indicated there. A working judge does not have the right to receive personal support, so the first step will be to resign. You can do this either independently by submitting a written application, or automatically.

Number of judges stripped of their powers last year

Each of these events can lead to the resignation of a judge with full retention of his privileges. In the event of a trial and dismissal under an article or criminal punishment, judicial privileges are canceled, and the lawyer has the right to count only on a regular pension issued by the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation.

Types of payments for retired judges

Citizens of the Russian Federation who have at least twenty years of legal experience, which were spent in the following positions, can receive pension benefits:

  • arbitrator or judge, regardless of category;
  • prosecutor, lawyer, their deputies and assistants (or any other profession requiring specialized legal education);
  • judicial authorities, any position related to legal proceedings.

A judge who has retired or changed positions, starting at age 55 (50 for women), can apply for one of three types of payments:

  1. Standard insurance pension paid to Russian citizens on a general basis.
  2. Longevity security (Law 4468-I).
  3. Lifetime maintenance (Law 3132-I).

The insurance pension is calculated in accordance with payments deducted monthly from the judge’s salary to the Pension Fund.

Despite the fact that the final amount is noticeably higher than the national average, this type of judge’s pension is the smallest, so you should only apply for it if you do not have enough experience for the second and third options. A judge who has worked for less than 10 years in the legal field is not entitled to a specialized pension.

With 25 years of service, a judge has the right to immediate retirement based on length of service , even if retirement age has not yet been reached.

In contrast to the third point with monetary allowance, payment of salary based on length of service is carried out according to Law No. 4468-I, common to all employees of law enforcement agencies.

Article 14 states that a pensioner has the right to receive benefits from 50 to 85% of salary depending on length of service (50% after 20 years, then an additional 3 percent for each subsequent year).

Upon reaching 20 years of experience, a lawyer has the right to choose a monthly lifetime allowance amounting to 80 to 85% of the earnings of an active judge in a similar position.

The size of the percentage depends on the length of service - for each additional year one percent is added.

The option of lifelong maintenance is described in the specialized law 3132-I on the status of judges.

Support for judges of the Constitutional Court is stipulated by a separate government decree number 425

Also, Resolution No. 425 describes the procedure for payments to dependents and family members of a deceased (or deceased) judge, if at the time of death he has not yet resigned.

Additional material support

In addition to the basic pension or lifelong salary, a judge can receive payments in the presence of state awards. Article 1 No. 21-FZ defines the following categories of persons who are entitled to additional security:

  • Heroes of the USSR and Russia;
  • awarded the orders of St. Andrew the First-Called, Glory, Lenin, “For Services to the Fatherland”, “For Service to the Motherland”;
  • winners of state awards of the USSR and the Russian Federation;
  • champions of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

The amount of payments is indicated in the second article of the same law and ranges from 250 to 415 percent of the all-Russian social pension.

Lifetime pension amount

Like most civil servants, judges' salaries are quite low: the head of the Constitutional Court receives just over 30 thousand rubles monthly. At the same time, a system of incentives and modifiers works: for a working judge, the bonus only for the qualification class ranges from 30 to 150%.

Table of qualification classes of judges

Most bonuses received while in service are not included in the regular pension. In the case of pension benefits, the amount of payments will be affected by:

  • length of service (as indicated above - from 80 to 85%);
  • the title of professor or associate professor, as well as Honored Lawyer of the country;
  • candidate and doctoral degrees;
  • knowledge and use of foreign languages ​​in international affairs (up to 20% for judges of the Constitutional Court).

Important! Judges' pensions are not taxed, which is another feature of these payments.

Table. Judge's salary depending on length of service

Length of servicePercentage increase

From 24 to 60 months15%
From 60 to 120 months25%
From 120 to 180 months30%
From 180 to 240 months40%
More than 240 months50%

*The term bonus is not cumulative and is calculated from the starting salary.

Since 2012, a judge’s work experience includes military service, training in a specialty, and service in government departments. The general “legal” experience includes work in law firms, investigative and prosecutorial bodies, and private practice.

Scientific degrees and titles also provide a percentage increase. A candidate or associate professor will receive 5% of the salary standard, all others will receive 10%. A regional coefficient is also considered: working in the Far North or the Far North of the country will be noticeably more profitable both in terms of accrued length of service and in terms of total salary (standard modifier x1.5).

In practice, even a low class judge with sufficient length of service gives the right to earn 70-80 thousand rubles. Payments are made directly from the federal budget; the regional administration can only pay additionally to all judges at the same time, setting increased coefficients.

Calculation of a judge's pension

When applying for a pension, the judge chooses one of three options. It is not permitted to receive multiple state pension options at the same time. The easiest way to show the practice of calculation is with specific examples.

Judges can choose between three types of pensions

Let's start with the general civil insurance pension. The formula for it looks like this: individual coefficient * point value + (fixed payment * increase coefficient). Let’s say a judge receives a monthly salary of 70 thousand rubles.

Under pension legislation and modifiers adopted in 2019, this gives about 8.25 pension points annually. At the current value of a pension point of 87.24 rubles for 20 years of service, the total amount of payments will be 81.5 * 8.25 * 20 = 14394.6 rubles + 5334 rubles of fixed payment.

In total, the judge will receive 19,728.6 rubles monthly.

When applying for a long-service pension, the judge’s salary is multiplied by a percentage coefficient, which depends on the legal experience.

Here the calculation is much simpler: after a judge reaches 20 years of service, his pension will be 50% of his salary, and each year worked will add another three percent on top to a limit of 85%.

With 20 years of service and 70 thousand salary, the judge will receive a pension of 35 thousand, with 25 years - 48,750 rubles (65% of the salary), with 30 years or more - 63,750 rubles (80% of the salary).

Finally, a lifetime allowance will give 56 thousand income under the same starting conditions, since the countdown starts not from 50, but from 80%. With 25 years of service, the pension will also reach its limit of 63,750 rubles.

Calculator for calculating the lifetime allowance of a judge

The calculator below will help you calculate your judge's lifetime allowance.

Go to calculations

How to apply for a pension?

Receipt of funds from the federal budget is carried out at the request of the judicial department or regional administration. To arrange maintenance, the easiest way for a judge is to contact the place of previous work: it is the courts that decide the issue of accrual; the Pension Fund is not involved in the matter. The former judge must provide a set of documents:

  1. Handwritten content statement.
  2. Identity card (general civil or service passport of the Russian Federation).
  3. Work book confirming the declared length of service.
  4. SNILS card.
  5. Confirmation of qualification level.
  6. Certificates or evidence of regalia providing additional benefits.

The review takes two working weeks, after which the applicant is notified of the decision. Payments are made starting from the next calendar month after registration of the application.

Summarizing the above, we can highlight a number of features of the formation of pensions for judges and other court employees:

  • payments apply to judges with significant length of service;
  • the lifelong maintenance provided in the worst case is 4/5 of the salary, and is not taxed;
  • the issue of payments is decided by the judicial panel; the Pension Fund does not participate in the discussion.

An important nuance: when receiving a pension, a judge does not have the right to continue practicing law, and officially returning to work will lead to a freeze in payments. The law has three exceptions in this regard: literature, science and teaching.

Provision of military judges

Retired judges who worked in military courts receive exactly the same subsidies from the federal budget as civilian specialists. Both the age of exit and the amount of compensation, as well as other criteria, coincide. The exception will be the basic length of service - for the military, the minimum period will be 15 years.

To qualify for a long-service pension, military judges must work less than civilians - 15 years

Retired military judges receive additional benefits for injuries sustained as a result of their service. For example, lifetime maintenance can be received along with disability benefits if the judge becomes disabled due to a military injury. This often happens to lawyers who worked in hot spots in their youth. Also, disabled military judges are entitled to increased benefits.

Changes in 2020

The pension reform, along with other civil servants, also affected judges: starting in 2020, the lower limit for retirement is raised by six months until it reaches 65 years for men and 63 years for women.

The minimum length of service for retirement based on length of service was increased: if previously it was possible to leave after 20 years of work, now a minimum of 25 is required.

For those who received support before 2020, nothing will change - the reform applies only to current judges and lawyers.

Denial of lifelong maintenance

Each application submitted for lifelong pension provision is considered by a judicial panel in a special manner. To refuse to issue funds to a judge who has worked for more than 20 years, the grounds must be truly significant.

  1. Any crime, regardless of length of service, deprives the right to work in the judiciary and leads to an automatic denial of lifelong support. The same applies to crimes committed after retirement.
  2. A change of citizenship is also grounds for refusal or withdrawal of benefits. The law clearly states that a citizen of the Russian Federation can receive maintenance.
  3. Judges who have been recalled in accordance with current legislation may also be deprived of their salaries. Here, both the reasons for the recall and the consequences of the actions that caused it play an important role.

Sometimes the denial of support is caused by a disagreement with issues in the length of service: private practice or work in a law office may, for various reasons, not be counted as legal experience. In this case, the issue is resolved either at a meeting of the board or in court.


Early retirement and high salaries are compensated by both the high level of responsibility of the judge for decisions made and the lack of room for error.

Support for judges is associated with protection from corruption: in fact, with a long enough service without complaints, a judge is guaranteed a calm and comfortable old age.

The system of support for members of the judiciary has been developed; to date, there is no information about significant reforms or new bills.

— Judges’ salaries


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