New laws from September 1, 2020 will change the lives of all Russians

Today, September 27, 2020, the State Duma approved in the third (final) reading the law on increasing the retirement age from 2020. All that remains is for the law to be approved by the Federation Council and signed by the President of the Russian Federation. Thus, there will be no referendum on the issue of raising the retirement age.

Let us recall the main provisions of the adopted law on pension reform.

  • The retirement age for women will be 60 years old, not 63 as previously proposed. Men will retire at age 65.

  • Mothers with many children will be able to retire early. So, for example, women who gave birth to four children and raised them until they reach the age of 8 will be able to retire at the age of 56 years, three children - at the age of 57 years, in both cases with insurance at least 15 years of experience.
  • Those who were supposed to retire under the old rules in the next two years will have the right to apply for it six months earlier. For example, if a man turns 60 in January 2020, then according to the new rules he would have to retire only a year later - at the age of 61. And now this can be done six months earlier - in July 2019. Moreover, if a person turns 60 in January 2020, then he will be able to retire not in January 2022, but in July 2021.
  • The maximum unemployment benefit for people of pre-retirement age will be increased from 4.5 to 11.2 thousand rubles .
  • The length of service allowing early retirement will be reduced. Now it is 37 years for women and 42 years for men.
  • Non-working pensioners living in rural areas with 30 years of experience in agriculture are entitled to a 25% bonus to their pension.
  • From January 1, 2020 until 2024 (six years of transition period), old-age pensions for non-working pensioners will be indexed. Every year the pension will increase by an average of 1000 rubles.

The cost of one pension coefficient in 2020 - 2024 (in 2020 - 87.24 rubles) and the amount of a fixed payment to the old-age insurance pension in 2020 - 2024 (from January 1, 2020 - 5334.19 rubles) are also established.

Provisions have also been introduced to provide additional guarantees of social support for citizens of pre-retirement age (for example, the period for payment of benefits for them can be 12 months, with a possible increase of 2 weeks for each year of work exceeding the established insurance period, for a maximum of 24 months).

After the second reading, the bill did not change in any way.

Main provisions of the draft law on retirement age

The text of the bill (before official publication the document has this status), prepared and submitted to the State Duma by the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation, is published on the official website of the lower chamber of the lawmaking body (Federation Council). It establishes a gradual increase in the retirement age in Russia; the bill envisages increasing it starting next year every two years and in one-year increments.

As a result, by 2028, the right to receive an old-age pension will arise for men upon reaching 65 years of age, and for women upon reaching 60 years of age. Changes are also provided for those employees who are entitled to early retirement. Thus, a certain transition period (10 years) and the final retirement age will be increased only in 2028.

Currently, the “Soviet” retirement age is still in effect: men do not retire at 60, but women at 55. In the explanatory note, the authors of the document indicate that this provision was introduced back in 1928 and the time has come to make serious changes to the laws, corresponding the current state of affairs. In particular, one of the main arguments in favor of the reform is increasing life expectancy.

Pension points in 2020 – how are they calculated and how much do they cost in rubles?

The law on increasing the retirement age from 2020 - latest news, which years of birth are included?

When will the new federal pension law come into force?

Many able-bodied citizens, having heard the news about raising the retirement age, asked themselves whether the law had come into force and how the retirement procedure is now regulated. Firstly, it is important to understand that the bill on raising the retirement age is still under development, and only its first edition is available on the Internet.

That is, the content of the bill may change (and will certainly change) - after all, it has not yet been submitted to the State Duma, the Federation Council, or the President. Secondly, it is assumed that the pension system will start working in a new way only from January 1, 2019, in about 6 months.

All news related to pension reform is very widely covered by the media. State publications and television channels, of course, present this reform as a beneficial and extremely necessary measure right now.

Private and independent publications criticize the project. They believe that it is necessary to repeal the law or stop all work on it. Due to such active campaigning in various directions on the Internet, non-advanced users have the impression that the new law has already come into force, although this is still quite a long time away.


The bill on raising the retirement age is still under development.

How will the federal law on pensions be adopted?

Russia already has a federal law regulating the procedure for employee retirement, the amount of pension payments and other important components of the pension system. Therefore, the current bill is not a new text, but amendments to the current text of the federal law. This circumstance makes it somewhat difficult for ordinary citizens to perceive the bill.

The approval of any federal law or amendments to it occurs according to the strict procedure prescribed by legal norms. Completing all procedures takes more than one month, so we will probably only find out whether the law was approved in mid-autumn 2018.

Legal procedure for the adoption of laws in the Russian Federation

The bill will go through the following procedures:

  1. Submission for consideration by the Russian State Duma. In this case, the government will come up with a legislative initiative, presenting to deputies a draft amendment to the current law on pensions. This will happen either before July 29 or after August 27, since in the interval between these dates the deputies will rest.
  2. Within 2 weeks, the Duma Council will assess whether the draft amendments comply with the requirements of current legislation and whether deputies should consider it.
  3. If a positive decision is made based on the results of the second point, the Duma will consider the bill in three readings. Deputies will evaluate the concept of the changes, the correctness of the amendments being made, their compliance with the laws and needs of the country, and, if necessary, make their own amendments.

    Discussion and voting on the draft in 3 readings takes several months. If the deputies voted for the adoption of the law and have no complaints about the draft, within 5 days they submit the document to the upper house of parliament - the Federation Council.

  4. The Federation Council does not always consider all projects submitted by the Duma. Sometimes they are directly transferred to the president. If members of the Federation Council decide to consider the bill, this will happen within 14 days from the date of registration.
  5. After the Federation Council, the president of the country receives the bill. If he agrees with its contents and standards, he also signs it within 14 days. When the leader of the state does not agree with the proposed changes, he sends the bill back to the Federation Council and the State Duma. If the presidential decree is signed, the changes are considered to have entered into force.

Thus, in any case, we will only be able to find out whether the decree on raising the retirement age in Russia has been signed in September-October 2018. It is unknown how long the draft amendments will be considered by deputies and whether the Federation Council and the President will immediately agree with it. Therefore, at present there is no reason to panic, but there is time for petitions against reforming the pension system and rallies.


Currently there is time for petitions against reforming the pension system and rallies.

Can the President repeal the law raising the retirement age?

Theoretically, the President of Russia has the right to veto any federal law, even if it was previously voted for by the Duma and approved by the Federal Assembly. If the leader of the state for any reason does not agree with the draft law, he does not sign it and returns it to parliament.

The Federal Assembly and the State Duma have the right to overturn a presidential veto if they vote to remove it with 2/3 of the votes from each chamber. There have been no such examples in Russian practice yet (neither the use of the veto power by the president, nor its removal by parliament).

How will the retirement age increase be implemented in the Russian Federation?

The most important question that concerns workers is how the law on raising the retirement age in 2019 solves its problem, and which years of birth are covered by the reform. Men born in 1959 and women born in 1964 will be the first to fall under the reform. They will be able to receive maintenance from the state in 2020 upon reaching 61 and 56 years of age. At the same time, these citizens and citizens born in 1960 and 1965 will be able to take advantage of the right to early retirement, six months earlier than the stipulated period. Next, workers will go out to sing in accordance with the provisions of the transition period.

Year of birthYear of retirementRetirement age
MenWomenMenWomen
1959196420206156
1960196520226257
1961196620246358
1962196720266459
1963196820286560
1969203061
1970203262
1971203463

Women with three or more children will also be able to retire earlier: women with three children - three years earlier; four - by four, five or more - the current retirement age remains the same.

The concept of “pre-retirement age” will be developed. Citizens who have reached the ages of 55 and 60 years (five years before official retirement) will be provided with additional job guarantees. An employer will not be able to refuse to hire or fire an employee due to reaching retirement age. There will be criminal liability for this. In addition, pre-retirement workers will be paid double unemployment benefits and will be given two additional days off for medical examination while maintaining their salary and job.

Also, citizens will be able to retire regardless of age if their total work experience is 37 and 40 years (for women and men, respectively). The funded pension will also be assigned according to the currently valid standards at 55 and 60 years, if the citizen participated in its formation.

What benefits are available to disabled people of group 2?

Payment for children under 16 years of age: experts say whether they will give 10,000 per child

Policy

Economy

25 August 2020, 08:53 | Author: Nika Grinko

Payment for children under 16 years of age: experts say whether they will give 10,000 per child
photo:

Russians are wondering whether they will pay 10 thousand rubles on the eve of September 1.

In Russia, they continue to wait for payments for children under 16 years of age. Russians are wondering whether they will pay 10 thousand rubles for each child on the eve of September 1.

A corresponding petition has appeared on the Internet; Senator Valery Ryazansky, Deputy Oleg Shein, and Business Ombudsman Boris Titov are calling for such a decision. But the authorities must find an additional 270 billion rubles.

Payments for children from 3 to 16 years old in August 2020: will there be any, experts said

Experts agree on one opinion - now the political decision on payments for children under 16 years of age rests with Vladimir Putin. Until now, Russians - 10-12 thousand people a day - are applying for payments. Support measures cost 580 billion rubles.

If Vladimir Putin decides on the issue of paying money for children from 3 to 16 years old, then a huge amount of money will have to be found in the budget.

“In conditions when the country, for objective reasons known to all, is suffering large economic losses, it will be difficult to find money in the current budget. I would not give our citizens much hope. Most likely, regional authorities will provide assistance to the most needy families in preparing children for school. But one should hardly expect rolling payments of 10 thousand rubles. The costs are too high,” MK reports the opinion of Valery Ryazansky, First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy.

The decision on payments for children under 16 years of age is supported by the head of the “Finance and Economics” department of the Institute of Contemporary Development: Nikita Maslennikov. According to him, approximately 40% of low-income families have children from 7 to 16 years old. The money - 10 thousand rubles - will be used to prepare the child for the school year.

“Preparing a child for the school year is always associated with large expenses, and if there are two or three schoolchildren in a family, then the sums are very serious. The cost of an academic year is different in all regions and it is difficult to say how much money may be required. Meanwhile, the government decided to increase the National Welfare Fund by 1.8 trillion rubles. The intended purpose of these funds is anti-crisis spending. For each of these decisions, there is no need to make additional amendments to the laws, which means that payments can be made quite quickly,” says the expert.

And Doctor of Economic Sciences Igor Nikolaev is confident that the government will not pay 10,000 rubles for a child from 3 to 16 years old. Doctor of Economic Sciences Oksana Dmitrieva calls for payments not to everyone, but only to those who find themselves in difficult life situations.

Payments of 10,000 rubles per child in August 2020 can be made in September

Meanwhile, the Commissioner under the President of the Russian Federation for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs, Boris Titov, in the near future intends to appeal to the Government of the Russian Federation with a request to repeat social payments. The money can be paid at the end of August or at the beginning of September.

“Today demand is very important, we need solvent buyers. And even when they helped families with children (payments of 10 thousand rubles in July), or rather, they had just announced the help, but all the shopping centers and stores were already open - demand in the domestic market jumped and lasted for several days after that. And now demand is declining. To support the economy, give it a boost and incentive for development, we need to once again support the consumer, demand in late August - early September,” the business ombudsman told TASS.

The Ombudsman wants to make such a request to the Russian government in the near future.

Payments for children from 16 to 18 years old in 2020: the only region in Russia adopted the law

Meanwhile, in the Irkutsk region, a bill on payments to families with children aged 16 to 18 years has been adopted in final reading. Now families will be able to receive ten thousand rubles, while the child must reach 16 years of age by May 11, 2020, and 18 years of age by October 1, 2020.

To receive payments for children from 16 to 18 years of age, you must submit an application for payment before November 30 of the current year

“This legislative initiative appeared as an addition to the federal law - it allows families with children from 16 to 18 years old to also receive financial support. The bill was adopted in the second reading, since we made changes initiated by the Commissioner for Children's Rights in the Irkutsk region. For example, it happened that parents lived separately, and the payment was received by the one who first submitted the application, and this is not necessarily the parent who is actually raising the child. We have made the necessary changes to eliminate such unfair moments when parents spend children’s payments on their own needs,” explained Artyom Lobkov, deputy chairman of the health care committee of the Legislative Assembly of the Irkutsk Region.

Payments of 10,000 rubles for children under 16 years old were made only for two months

Let us remind you that President Vladimir Putin ordered to support parents with children. In the spring, he proposed paying 5 thousand rubles for each child under the age of three from April to June. For families with children aged 3 to 16, a one-time payment of 10 thousand rubles was provided. On June 23, Vladimir Putin announced a new payment of 10,000 rubles for children.

As Topnews wrote earlier, payments for children under 16 years of age can be transferred before September 1. It is expected that the money will arrive in the parents’ accounts no later than the 26th.

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Who retires and when?

Raising the retirement age for women from 2020

Year of birthRetirement age according to the billNumber of years addedYear of retirement
19645612020
19655722022
19665832024
19675942026
1968 and younger6052028

Raising the retirement age for men from 2020

Year of birthRetirement age according to the billNumber of years addedYear of retirement
19596112020
19606222022
19616332024
19626442026
1963 and younger6552028

Current pension reform

In Russia, there has already been an increase in the retirement age as part of the reform. This measure is forced: the country’s population is aging, the number of workers is decreasing. The Pension Fund of the Russian Federation has become unable to provide payments to citizens from its own funds. Therefore, subsidies from the budget were required. According to experts, the situation should only get worse over the years. The only way out that the Government saw in this situation was to raise the retirement age.

This decision caused a lot of negative emotions among the population. However, the President of the Russian Federation signed Federal Law No. 350-FZ dated October 3, 2018 “On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation on the appointment and payment of pensions.”

Average life expectancy of men and women in Russia - official statistics 2020

Retirement age for beneficiaries

The retirement age will increase for the following categories of workers:

  • workers in the Far North and similar areas. The age will rise to 58 and 60 years (for women and men, respectively);
  • pedagogical, creative and medical workers. When a worker goes on vacation now depends on the development of special work experience, this rule remains, but according to the bill, the retirement age is increased for these workers by 8 years;
  • civil servants. From January 1, 2020, an increase in the growth rate of the retirement age step will be introduced for civil servants - one year per year;
  • recipients of social pension. The age increases from 60 and 65 years to 68 and 70 (for women and men, respectively).

Benefits for pensioners on personal property tax

For whom will the working period remain the same?

There are also categories of citizens who will not be affected by the reform:

  • pensioners already receiving state support will retain all established privileges and benefits;
  • citizens working in jobs with harmful, dangerous and difficult working conditions;
  • Chernobyl victims;
  • men and women who worked as flight test personnel and were directly involved in flight tests (research) of special equipment;
  • representatives of indigenous peoples of the Far North;
  • workers who have the right to early leave for health reasons or other social reasons, for example, military personnel who became disabled due to military trauma, women who gave birth to more than five children and raised them until they were three years old, visually impaired people, etc.

The law on increasing the retirement age from 2020 - latest news, which years of birth are included?

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